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Understand the EntityServerException

Last modified on September 18, 2012 10:50

When requests to the EntityServer fail (including query and save requests), the server-side exception is wrapped in an EntityServerException and sent back to the client.  Understanding the EntityServerException can help in debugging application problems. You may be able to catch the exception and recover - an option that begins with listening to the EntityManager.EntityServerError event.

If a request to the EntityServer fails the exception returned to the client application will be wrapped in an EntityServerException.  Your application might receive the base EntityServerException, or one of the custom sub-types:


While the text of the exception message isn't always helpful, since exceptions can bubble up through many layers, in not only DevForce but in .NET and other assemblies, you'll often have to look at other details in the exception to understand the problem.

All EntityServerExceptions will have this information:

  • FailureType  will indicate the general reason for the failure:  for example Data will indicate a query or save failed at the database, while Connection will indicate a communications failure.  There are a handful of other reasons too.
  • OperationType  indicates the operation being performed at the time of failure, for example Query or Save, among others.

For failures occurring on the EntityServer in an n-tier application the InnerException will often be empty because that information is not serialized to the client.  Instead, several other properties will contain this information:

  • RemoteExceptionDetails - The ToString() representation of the original exception.
  • RemoteExceptionName - The exception class name.
  • RemoteSource -  The source of the original exception.
  • RemoteStackTrace - The stack trace of the original exception.

If the InnerException is present, drilling down into it and all nested inner exceptions can help determine the original cause of the failure.

Catching the exception

You should wrap all calls to the EntityServer with try/catch logic.  

For queries and saves, you can optionally use one of the "try/result" methods:  

  • TryExecuteQuery and TryExecuteQueryAsync will return a QueryResult instead of throwing an exception.  You can then examine the Error property.
  • TrySaveChanges and TrySaveChangesAsync will return a SaveResult instead of throwing an exception.  You can then examine the Error property. 

The EntityManager also provides a central error handling facility for EntityServerExceptions.  The EntityServerError  event will be raised as a "first chance" handler for any exceptions before they are thrown.  In your event handler you can mark the exception as handled so that it will not be re-thrown.  

Created by DevForce on March 28, 2011 16:33

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